Taking a healthy heart from a deceased donor and replacing it with a diseased heart of a patient is known as a heart transplant surgery. Patients who have end-stage heart failure usually go through heart transplant surgery.
A damaged or weak heart results in a heart failure. Heart Transplant is required when the heart is no more able to pump the required blood through the body and all the medication is no more effective.
Heart transplant is a life-saving measure for end-stage heart failure.
Patients go through a selection process to get the heart from donors since the supply is very less. To receive a new heart patient’s heart must be in end-stage and patient should be in a healthy condition to receive it.
Over the past decade the survival rates have increased to 88 percent for the first year after heart transplant and 75 percent survive for 5 years.
It is seen that most of the patients who have gone through Heart Transplant, have returned to their normal day to day activities.
Process : Heart Transplant
First the patient is referred to the Heart Transplant Centre where the doctors confirm that the patient’s heart is at end stage.
When the centre confirms that the patient is healthy enough to receive the heart or undergo a heart transplant surgery then the patient is added to the transplant waiting list.
When a suitable donor is found then the patient undergoes Heart Transplant surgery. It is after the surgery that the patient needs to be taken care for life long. Doctors suggest a lifelong medical care plan and frequent health check-ups.
Heart Transplant : Who Needs It
Mostly patients who are referred to heart transplant centres are the one have end-stage heart failure. Their heart failure might have been caused by:
- Hereditary conditions.
- Coronary heart disease.
- Viral infections of the heart.
- Damaged heart valves and muscles.
Heart Transplant : Risks Involved
Heart transplant is a lifesaving method which revives a patient with new hopes and life. But it comes with many side effects and life risks. Patients are supposed to undergo lifelong medical check-up plans proposed by the doctors. Many associated risks can be eliminated by having frequent health check-ups.
The risks of having a heart transplant include:
- Complications from medicines
- Failure of the donor heart
- Problems that arise from not following a lifelong care plan after surgery